Comparison: Asymmetric, Multi-Directional and Directional Tread Pattern
Do you think that most car tyres are the same? You may have that perception all of them are black, made of rubber and serve the same goal of getting your car from one point to another. But try having a closer look at tyre tread and you’ll come across the tread pattern on each tyre, which will be very different.
There are numerous different car tyre brands and each of them with their own unique tread pattern that entails a collection of channels, grooves and sipes. These components are meant to provide grip, traction and resistance. These patents are designed to meet specific driver needs like wet braking, dry handling that includes the traction on snow and ice. There are 3 major categories of tread patterns – asymmetric, directional and multi-directional. So let’s dig in:
Asymmetric Tread pattern
This pattern actually mixes 2 different tread patterns on the inner as well as outer edge of the tyre. This is all meant provide a dual benefit to the driver.
Outside Edge: You can find the tread pattern depicting tread blocks that are designed to provide better dry traction and handling due to larger contact area with the road.
Inside Edge: this is meant to provide better wet grip as it has smaller blocks.
The grooves in this type of pattern are much in numbers that help disperse water on wet roads reducing the risk of aquaplaning. Precisely, this type of tyre provides great all-round performance in both wet as well as dry conditions.
Multi-directional tread pattern
These are also known as symmetrical tyres. As the name implies, the tread block in this tyre pattern is the same on the inner as well as outer side of the tyre.
As a result, tyre can rotate in either direction and be settled at any position on the car without compromising the performance. Tyres having Multi-directional tread pattern are usually less expensive just due to having a simpler tread design.
Moreover, these types of tyres are also less able to tackle the changing road conditions unlike asymmetric tyres. They might not be the best option to go for when it comes to driving on the wet surface but are truly the perfect choices for dry roads due to excellent grip.
Directional Tread pattern
Exhibiting an arrowhead-like pattern, it provides a very striking appearance. But other than just appealing looks, there more to it. There might be some compromise because there is more inclination towards design and rotation than traction. For sure, it would then affect the tire’s performance.
For car owners having directional tyres, it’s quite beneficial as these are designed to rotate in a single direction by the leading car tyre brands. Consequently, they give a great wet weather performance and good directional stability.
Due to an excellent traction, these car tyres perform immensely well on snow covered roads. Perhaps that’s the reason as to why directional tread patterns is just perfect for many winter tyres.
Do you want to know the difference between Asymmetric, Multi-Directional and Directional Tread Pattern? Just check out the article now.