How to Start Organic Farming at Home

They represent the return to traditional flavors and cultivation, without transgenic or chemical synthesis. Aromatic plants, vegetables, edible flowers and fruits with ecological markers are here to stay. Cultivating them in the garden.  House garden is more than an advantage.

Tomatoes, lettuce, carrots, strawberries, blackberries, basil, rosemary … all grown at home with the methods of organic farming, that of all life. The installation of the orchard itself is an upward trend; even Michelle Obama has signed up to allocate a space in the garden of the White House to the cultivation of vegetables, with the pedagogical purpose, in addition, to convince the Americans to reincorporate healthy foods into their diet.

Today, organic crops are reaffirmed as the best alternative: they resort to techniques of soil preparation and pest control that renounce the use of synthetic herbicides, fertilizers, fungicides and insecticides. Nor do they use seeds or plant varieties with transgenic treatments, considered by environmental associations as a serious risk to the planet’s biodiversity. These same associations warn that there are not enough studies to guarantee their long-term harmless effect on human health.

In this sense, organic farmers also claim the highest nutritional quality of their products. Joan Enric, cites, for example, studies by the Soil Association and Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, USA) on the “highest content of vitamin C, vitamin E, essential minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, chromium) and antioxidants in organic plants compared to conventional or industrial exploitation “.

Thus, a tomato grown and harvested in the family garden becomes a product not only of confidence but also more healthy. Added to this is the satisfaction of having planted and raised oneself, the development of a relaxing hobby and savings in the shopping cart

Advantages from the origin

Its advantages mean that the demand for ecological plants does not stop growing. That is why producers can systematize their production and offer prices similar to those of other products, and if they are also purchased directly from the organic producer or through Consumer Groups, There is a reason to pay disproportionate prices for organic foods.

The seeds and plants with ecological label that are sold in the garden centers are certified by according to European regulations. Natural insecticides, such as neem oil, are used in their original cultivation, and pests are controlled by counterattacks of beneficial insects. For example, the small bees Encarsia pergandiella and E. formosa parasitize the larvae of the white fly, voracious predatory of strawberries, among other plants.

Of course, organic fertilizers -compost of vegetable origin, earthworm humus and purines of nettles- are used to enrich the nutrient supply of the soil and give greater luster to the plants.

Tips for ecological vegetable garden at home

Horticultural enthusiasts can adapt these methods to the domestic cultivation of their own garden in the garden or on the terrace. A few tips are enough:

  • Choose a sunny place with good air circulation.
  • Transplant the acquired plants or the seedlings obtained from seeds to large pots or drawers.
  • Always water with clean water or rain.
  • Combine horticultural species with other aromatic and medicinal species, which also serve as insect repellents (lavender, rosemary, sage, basil …).
  • Respect crop rotation.
  • Allow the presence of beneficial species such as ladybugs, earthworms, centipedes.
  • A simple pest control trick: spray with water impregnated with some neutral soap. For more information on pest prevention and control

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