An eternal boy who refuses to grow up. We all know this famous tale created by JM Barrie in 1904. Peter Pan, the hero, is a young boy who created an imaginary world in which he could remain a child forever; convinced that adulthood is terrible. Beneath his charming smile, Peter Pan is a child who is missing a part of himself: his lost shadow that he desperately searches for. Researchers were inspired by this figure from popular literature to designate a psychological dysfunction: Peter Pan syndrome. What exactly is he referring to? How do you know if you are suffering from it? And how to get out of it? At WeeklyWoo we explain everything to you.
The origins of Peter Pan syndrome are rooted in popular literature. In the play titled The Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up, written by JM Barrie in 1904, the figure of Peter Pan makes his first appearance. In 1983, the famous American psychoanalyst Dan Kiley brought together in his eponymous work all the elements explaining the Peter Pan complex. His research work is a tribute to the many patients he followed who suffered from this syndrome.
Peter Pan syndrome: why do I refuse to grow up?
The study work of Dan Kiley, enriched by that of Professor Humbelina Robles Ortega, highlights that men are predominantly affected; although a woman can absolutely suffer from this dysfunction.
According to psychologist Jean Yves Flament, Peter Pan syndrome is rooted in a difficult childhood. Faced with the difficulties he experiences, the child adopts a defense strategy to alleviate his suffering. He disconnects his emotions from his intellect. The latter then remain stuck in the period when they were repressed. Childhood.
Thus, the adult suffering from Peter Pan syndrome can demonstrate a poignant contrast. Capable of great intellectual agility, he can lose all his means when faced with a situation involving his emotions. These futile and impulsive reactions demonstrate his emotional interference.
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In a relationship, the Peter Pan complex can be particularly difficult to manage for the partner.
What are the symptoms of Peter Pan syndrome?
Are you often referred to as “adultescent”? Do you notice a childish attitude in yourself? Here are the elements that will help detect if you suffer from Peter Pan syndrome.
The psychological profile
According to Dan Kiley, the person suffering from Peter Pan syndrome accumulates several characteristic traits which are deployed more violently during attacks. We find there:
- Emotional interference
- Socialization difficulties
- Magical thinking, or irrational reasoning to absolve oneself of all responsibility
- Complicated relationships with his parents
- The difficult relationship with sex
In 2007, Professor Humbelina Robles Ortega conducted a study on the subject in order to deepen our knowledge of this syndrome. The results made it possible to clarify the profile of the person suffering from Peter Pan syndrome. Here’s what’s added to Kiley’s work:
- Lack of self-confidence
- Fear of loneliness or autophobia
- Depressive disorder
- Compulsive purchases
The stages of evolution of the Peter Pan complex
In his work, Dan Kiley demonstrated an evolution of symptoms over time. You probably suffer from Peter Pan syndrome if you find yourself in this portrait.
During your adolescence, between the ages of 12 and 17, you feel anxiety mixed with a certain loneliness. You accumulate irresponsible behavior and you have difficulty experiencing your sexuality.
From ages 18 to 22, you enter a period of excessive self-confidence and display narcissism. The fairer sex, for their part, arouses a certain contempt in you. A feeling of misogyny creeps into you.
From the ages of 23 to 25, you experience the feeling of being inadequate to the world in which you live. This gives you some dissatisfaction.
From ages 26 to 30, you try to pretend to be an adult in hopes of alleviating your frustrations. You enter a phase of pretending, in order to acquire the external codes defining adulthood. This is the beginning of the chronic phase of Peter Pan syndrome.
From the age of 45, you feel exhausted from living in a perpetual comedy whose main role is the adult you are supposed to be. A phase of depression or agitation may arise during this period. What follows is a rupture in your way of living. You decide to live according to your deepest desires. The ones you wore as a child.
Can we cure Peter Pan syndrome?
If you encounter difficulties in early adulthood, if you avoid responsibilities and behave in ways that are sometimes considered childish, you probably suffer from Peter Pan syndrome. Here are the solutions to help you get out of this painful complex.
How to diagnose Peter Pan syndrome?
There is no specific test to diagnose Peter Pan syndrome. Due to insufficient clinical research on the subject, Peter Pan syndrome is not officially recognized as a mental illness. It therefore does not appear in the DSM – IV, the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders.
However, you can get diagnosed by a healthcare professional. A psychologist or psychiatrist can provide you with their analysis following an exchange of questions.
What possible solutions?
If you think you have Peter Pan syndrome, it is important to seek professional help. A psychologist or psychiatrist can help you gradually get out of this blockage that is handicapping you. Allowing you to resolve your inner conflict and live your life peacefully. The support of those around you is precious to ensure the success of your approach.
How to live with someone who has Peter Pan syndrome?
If your heart beats for someone suffering from Peter Pan syndrome, your attitude has a significant impact on their chances of remission, the childish attitude of your companion can place you in a parental posture towards them. Instinctively, you will probably mother him. It is crucial to refuse to enter into this unequal relationship. You must avoid the mothering reflex as much as possible.
The appropriate course of action in this situation is to help him come out of his denial by helping him become aware of his inappropriate behavior. In addition, during your discussions, it is crucial to imply a bond of equals, of adult to adult.
Finally, you can confide in a health professional. It will be a valuable support to get through this period in the best way.
What is Wendy syndrome?
Wendy syndrome defines a mature person who will mother their partner. Through a vision of the couple where sacrifice takes precedence, the person with Wendy syndrome will take charge of all responsibilities. Wendy’s syndrome and Peter Pan’s syndrome are very complementary. When one refuses his responsibilities, the other is there to validate this headlong behavior. And this is to the detriment of possible development for both. This type of unbalanced relationship creates a vicious circle in which one reinforces the syndrome of the other and vice versa.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Peter Pan Syndrome
Peter Pan Syndrome, also known as Puer Aeternus, refers to a psychological phenomenon where an individual exhibits behaviors typically associated with children or adolescents, even as they reach adulthood. Such individuals often resist the traditional responsibilities and pressures that come with growing up.
People with Peter Pan Syndrome may display several characteristics including:
1. Avoidance of adult responsibilities
2. Fear of commitment
3. Reluctance to make long-term plans
4. Desire for perpetual youthfulness
5. Emotional immaturity
6. Difficulty in forming deep, mature relationships
While “Peter Pan Syndrome” is not formally recognized as a clinical diagnosis in the DSM-5 or other diagnostic manuals, it is a term often used in popular culture and psychology to describe certain behavioral patterns.
The exact causes of Peter Pan Syndrome are not fully understood and can vary from individual to individual. Some factors that may contribute include overprotective parenting, traumatic experiences in childhood, societal pressures, or a fear of failure and rejection.
Peter Pan Syndrome can impact relationships significantly. Individuals may struggle with commitment, intimacy, and may avoid responsibilities that come with partnership. This can lead to strained relationships and difficulties in maintaining long-term connections.